Birthmarks & Pigmented Skin In Boardman, OH

Learn About Different Types of Birthmarks

Birthmarks are discolored patches of skin. A person can be born with a birthmark or develop it during infancy. Some birthmarks are surface-level colorations of the skin, while other birthmarks raise above the upper dermis layer. The cause birthmarks is mostly unknown. One type of birthmark, red birthmarks, is vascular and relates to blood vessels. Another type of birthmark, pigmented birthmarks, has many classifications and suspected causes. The amount and location of melanin in the skin determines the color of a pigmented birthmark, which can be purple, tan, black, light blue, white, red, pink, or brown.

A dermatologist can diagnose a birthmark based on its appearance. While most birthmarks are harmless, moles or color changes in specific birthmarks should be examined by a dermatologist.

  • Congenital nevi birthmarks are moles that are present at birth. Depending on the size, congenital nevi can be associated with higher risks of skin cancer. Any enlargement of a mole should thus be brought to the attention of a dermatologist.
  • Cafe-au-lait spots are oval-shaped tan or brown birthmarks. These spots are generally innocuous, yet the presence of multiple cafe-au-lait spots may indicate a genetic disorder called neurofibromatosis, the abnormal growth of nerve tissue.

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