Five Common Skin Conditions Related To Diabetes
1. Acanthosis Nigricans
Acanthosis Nigricans generally develops in patients who are overweight or obese and/or are pre-diabetic or have been diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes.
Causes & Symptoms Of Acanthosis Nigricans
Though acanthosis nigricans is mostly caused by insulin resistance, it can also be caused by medications that regulate certain hormones, such as birth control pills and thyroid medications. Symptoms include:
- Thick and/or velvety skin texture;
- Skin becomes darkened in patches; and
- Itching and/or odor emitted from the affected area.
Acanthosis nigricans generally appears on folds of the skin, such as in the armpits, elbows, knees, and knuckles.
Treatment For Acanthosis Nigricans
Since acanthosis nigricans is a symptom of an underlying condition, such as diabetes, treatment focuses on the condition itself. Your Boardman dermatologist will work with your general doctor to create an effective treatment for acanthosis nigricans that also accounts for appropriate diabetes management methods, such as dietary adjustments and weight loss.
2. Diabetic Blisters
Also called bullosis diabeticorum and diabetic bullae, diabetic blisters are a relatively rare skin condition that mostly affects men with diabetes.
Causes & Symptoms Of Diabetic Blisters
While the exact cause of diabetic blisters is unknown, patients with this skin conditions generally have uncontrolled blood sugar levels and diabetic neuropathy. Yet, candida albicans fungal infections have also been found to cause this condition. These blisters usually appear on the feet, legs, and toes and appear in painless clusters with clear fluid inside.
Treatment For Diabetic Blisters
Most diabetic blisters heal without the help of a dermatologist in Boardman, OH, in approximately one month. However, if the surrounding skin tissue is red and/or swollen, contact Advanced Dermatology and Skin Cancer Center immediately. The blistered area can be protected with a bandage until the lesions completely heal.
Vitiligo is an autoimmune disease and is more likely to develop with Type 1 diabetes than Type 2.
Causes & Symptoms Of Vitiligo
A rare skin condition, vitiligo occurs when the immune system attacks the skin’s melanocytes, melanin-producing skin cells. Melanin is the pigment which determines skin color and also acts as a natural protectant from the sun. Common symptoms of vitiligo are the appearance of milky-white skin patches, loss of pigmentation (color) inside the mouth and in the retinas, and premature hair whitening.
Treatment For Vitiligo
Since vitiligo is one of the more infrequent diabetic skin problems, treatment focuses on symptom management and may include medicated topical creams, light therapy, and preventing exposure to the sun and UV rays.
4. Disseminated Granuloma Annulare
Female children and teenagers diagnosed with diabetes are more likely to develop disseminated granuloma annulare.
Causes & Symptoms Of Disseminated Granuloma Annulare
A specific cause for disseminated granuloma annulare is unknown. Symptoms of the condition are small, firm bumps that form in rings on the body, such as the feet, fingers, and hands. The bumps are usually flesh-colored but may have a red or yellow tint.
Treatment For Disseminated Granuloma Annulare
The lesions associated with disseminated granuloma annulare usually clear up without medical intervention over a period of time, such as several weeks after the first appearance. Topical medications, such as hydrocortisone, is often used to reduce the inflammation and itching.
5. Eruptive Xanthomatosis
Eruptive xanthomatosis differs from other xanthomas due to the sudden appearance of this skin condition. It more often develops in older patients with diabetes.
Causes & Symptoms Of Eruptive Xanthomatosis
Eruptive xanthomatosis is caused by poorly-controlled or uncontrolled blood sugar levels and/or by elevated levels of triglycerides. Triglycerides naturally occur inside the body but can also accumulate through high-sugar foods. For people with diabetes, insulin resistance makes it difficult for the body to naturally clear triglycerides from the bloodstream.
Symptoms of eruptive xanthomatosis are reddish-yellow bumps pea-size or smaller that are tender to the touch. The bumps usually itch and are frequently appear on the buttocks, shoulders, and near joints.
Treatment For Eruptive Xanthomatosis
A dermatologist with Advanced Dermatology and Skin Cancer Center can diagnose eruptive xanthomatosis through physical examination and a skin biopsy. Treatment generally includes controlling cholesterol levels through medications, eating a nutritious diet, and exercising regularly.
Treatments For Diabetes Skin Problems In Boardman, OH
At Advanced Dermatology and Skin Cancer Center, we believe in treating and healing diabetes-related skin problems with compassionate care. By using the latest tools, techniques, and dermatological methods and working hand-in-hand with a patient’s general doctor, we design individual skin care treatments for each patient. The well-being and overall health of our patients is our No. 1 focus. To schedule a consultation, contact Advanced Dermatology and Skin Cancer Center today.